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Legislation Introduction

Labor legislation had start with the advent of the growth of labor unions during the first half of the 1900's. Legislation grew from the impact of unions and from labor conditions. The initial legislation addressed unionization by attempting to control it while addressing working conditions, child labor and safety concerns.

From this foundation and the civil rights movement in the 1950's and 1960's came the Civil Rights Act of 1964. A major change in employment legislation prohibiting discrimination. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to oversee employer violation of the Civil Rights Act.

Subsequent legislation prohibited discrimination against age, rehabilitation and disability.

Today we have hundreds of pieces of legislation at the federal, state, and local level. The area of jurisdiction usually going to the area of government that provides the best benefit to the employer. The expense of managing compliance is outweighed by the cost of not compliance which can be devastating, for example, if the University lost its right to federal contracts and funding.

The following sections summarize key pieces of legislation at the federal and state levels as well as the University of Illinois's guidelines for EEO compliance.